Grandparents can be an integral part of a child’s upbringing. The state of Pennsylvania recognizes the importance of grandparents in the lives of children and therefore provides grandparents custody rights in certain situations such as when a child’s birth parent is deceased or when a child is at substantial risk due to abuse or neglect. Grandparents may also be able to seek custody if they have been placed in the role of a parent for a length of time and during that time have carried out the responsibilities that a parent would normally perform for the child. A grandparent may pursue custody merely to gain access to visitation with their grandchild. In some circumstances, a grandparent may be entitled to seek primary physical custody and legal custody.